Lebanon: A History of Conflict and Consensus

Nadim Shehadi and Dana Haffar Mills

Publisher:The Centre for Lebanese Studies and I B Tauris & Co. Ltd. Oxford and London: 1988.

Ebook ISBN:ISBN 1 85043 119 1

To re-examine and reassess an historical process can be particularly important in times of crisis. For those who are concerned with the tragedies and future of Lebanon, such a reappraisal is essential, because the events of the years since 1975 inevitably pose the question of whether the view of Lebanese history which had gradually been held until then can any longer be accepted.

Until the outbreak of the civil war, it was customary to think of the modern history of Lebanon as a history of a success, even of a triumph. The order had broken down in the three decades between 1830 and 1860, because of a combination of internal and external factors, but had then been restored in more explicit form. The last years, however, have witnessed a spectacular breakdown of the civil order, once more because of internal and external factors, and inevitably this has raised new questions. Is discord rather than harmony the normal state of relations between the different communities? Was the apparent harmony of an earlier period illusory? Why did it come to an end, and what are the conditions that will restore it?

The papers in this volume are the outcome of a conference organised by the Centre for Lebanese Studies in Oxford in September, 1987. The chapters have been written by a group of internationally respected scholars and experts on Lebanon and cover a wide range of themes that explain both the roots of the conflict and the basis for resolving it. The book should be seen as an historical introduction to the complexities of the Lebanese problem and represents the latest academic research on the background to Lebanon’s intractable problems.

Introduction: The historical perspective, Kamal Salibi
Rural collective action and the emergence of a modern Lebanon: a comparative historical perspective, Edmund Burke II
L’evolution du système politique libanais dans le contexte des conflits régionaux et locaux (1840-1864), Joseph Abou Nohra
Zahle and Dayr al-Qamar: two market towns of Mount Lebanon during the civil war of 1860, Leila Fawaz
Ottoman reform and Lebanese patriotism, Youssef M. Choueiri
The administrative council of Mount Lebanon, Engin Deniz Akarli
Franco-British rivalry in the Middle East and its operation in the Lebanese problem, John P. Spagnolo
La perception du Grand-Liban chez les maronites dans la période du mandate, Fadia Kiwan
The attitude of the Arab nationalists towards Greater Lebanon during the 1930s, Raghid Solh
L’economie politique du Liban indépendent, 1943-1975, Boutros Labaki
Urban networks and political conflict in Lebanon, Samir Khalaf and Guilain Denoeux
The termination of protracted social conflict in Lebanon: an analytical perspective, Ghassan T. Raad
Comment l’Etat a-t-il été compris au Liban, Dominique Chevalier
The problem of authoritative power in Lebanese politics: why consociationalism failed, Michael C. Hudson
Partage du pouvoir. Dilemme et perspectives d’évolution: le cas du Liban, Antoine N. Messarra
Myths and realities of the Lebanese conflict, Georges Corm
Espace urbain, espaces politiques: ville, état et communautés à Beyrouth vers 1975. Eléments pour une problématique, Nabil Beyhum
The role of the South in Lebanese politics, Ali el-Khalil

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