Accountability and Integrity in the Lebanese Educational System is a long-term initiative that draws on the research expertise of the Centre for Lebanese Study (CLS) along with a coalition of key actors in the field of Education. Together we work to push for transparent ad effective reforms of Lebanon’s education sector. Our research investigates the root causes behind the lack of Integrity, uncovers the shortcomings in educational policies and practices, and develops advocacy tools to improve accountability.
In 2020, Lebanon scored 25 on the CPI, Corruption Perceptions Index, where 0 indicates high corruption and 100 indicates no corruption, a five-point drop since 2012. Despite the massive protests that erupted in October 2019 against corruption and malpractices, recorded corruption numbers keep on increasing. The education sector is part of a whole structure suffering from deeply rooted corruption offences. A decade since the war outbreak in Syria and the resulting influx of thousands of Syrian refugees starting in 2011, Lebanon finds itself struggling to accommodate over 488,000 school-aged Syrian refugee children in its educational facilities (Source: UNHCR); in addition to its existing 910,000 Lebanese student body. Lebanon was not left to grapple with this influx alone. The international community stepped in, earmarking more than 400 million USD to the education sector to enlarge classroom capacity and accommodate Syrian children in the Lebanese schooling system. Despite sizeable funding, conflicting information and little transparency about the implementation process and fund allocation formed sizable barriers to the plan’s success.
Against this backdrop, this research project comes to assess the character of the Lebanese system by identifying practices and vulnerable corruption gaps. It seeks to examine detrimental features hindering reforms and obstructing implementation.
In our comprehensive review of the literature on the education sector in Lebanon, we found very little on the subject of Integrity. The studies we consulted highlight school metrics such as the number of students, student-teacher ratio, the curriculum, and overall descriptions of the status quo. To address the gaps we have identified, this research project analyses three aspects:
- The Legislative System Governing the Lebanese Education Sector
- Financial Control and Reporting within the Education Sector
- Policy Analysis Framework: the Making of Educational Policies in Lebanon.